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Eid al Adha or Eid ul Azha 2016 celebrations and its importance

Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of the Dhu al-Hijjah lunar month and is also the third day of the Hajj pilgrimage.

The annual Muslim feast of Eid al-Adha 2016 will begin on Monday, September 12, in most of the countries. Pakistan, Bangladesh and some other countries will celebrate on Sep 13, 2016.

The Eid al-Adha is Islam’s holiest festival celebrated annually around the world and an official holiday in Muslim-majority countries.

In the Islamic calendar, Eid al-Adha occurs on the 10th day of the Dhu al-Hijjah and is also the third day of the Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca.

In the United States, the Fiqh Council of North America has said it will follow the Eid date announced by the authorities in Mecca, and so will the European Council of Fatwa and Research.

Holiday Tradition

For Muslims, Eid al-Adha commemorates the day when prophet Ibrahim was going to sacrifice his son but was instructed by Allah to offer an animal instead. Eid al-Adha in Arabic literally means “festival of the sacrifice”.

Traditionally, the festival lasts for four days but public holidays vary from country to country.

Eid al Adha

Turkey will observe a nine-day public holiday for Eid, known in Turkey as Qurban Bayram, from Saturday, September 10 until Sunday, September 19.

The UAE, Kuwait and Bangladesh are also likely to observe a nine-day public holiday over the same dates as Turkey.

In the Philippines, Eidul Adha has also been a public holiday since 2002.

When is Hajj 2016 and how long does it take?

The 2016 Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca is a five-day ritual beginning on Friday, September 9 and ending on the 14th.

Hajj is an annual piligrimage to Mecca for millions of Muslims from all over the world.

In 2016, Hajj, one of the world’s largest gatherings, is to begin on September 10.

hajj

The dates of the pilgrimage was confirmed by Hajj authorities in Saudi Arabia on September 1 based on the sighting of the moon.

On the third day of Hajj each year, Muslims celebrate the Eid al-Adha, Islam’s holiest festival.

In the Islamic calendar, Hajj begins on the eighth day of the Dhu al-Hijjah lunar month, and ends on the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. The religious rituals of the Hajj pilgrimage, however, can be completed in five days.

For Muslims, the Hajj re-enacts the actions of the Prophet Muhammad in his “farewell pilgrimage” in AD 632, and is a central pillar of the Islamic faith meant to cleanse the faithful of sin and bring them closer to God.

Benefits of Reciting Ayat E Karima or Ayat e Kareema

“There is none worthy of Worship besides You, You are far exalted and above all weaknesses, Surely, I’ am from among the wrongdoers”.
It was recited by Hazrat Yonus (A.S) when he was in the belly of the fish. It is mentioned in Surat Al-Anbya in this way that:-
“And remember Zun-nun, when he departed in wrath: He imagined that We had no power over him! But he cried through the depths of darkness, There is no god but thou: glory to thee: I was indeed wrong! So We listened to him: and delivered him from distress: and thus do We deliver those who have faith.”
Ayat E Karima is virtuous and beneficial. Most important and essential acts of Islam are included in this Ayat E Karima.
• Tauheed

Tauheed is a most important act of Islam. There are many Ahadith which tells us about the benefits and virtuous of this expression. All the messengers were sent in world from Allah Almighty to deliver the lesson of Tauheed. This kalmia E Tauheed has the power to give strength to our believe and this strength saves us from the greatest sin of Shirk.
• Glorification

This Ayat E Karima includes the glorification of Allah Almighty. There are many benefits of reciting this expression. The dearest word is “Subahan Allah” in the eye of Allah Almighty. A tree is planted in the paradise for every recitation of “Subhan Allah. When we recite one time “Subhan Allah our 20 sins are being removed and 20 virtuous are recorded.
• Forgiveness

This expression is also included in Ayat E Karima. Allah likes those who ask forgiveness. It is said in Quran E hakeem that:-
“Surely Allah loves those who turn unto him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves.”

Ayat E Karima

Ayat E Kareema

Benefits of reciting Ayat E Karima according to Ahadith:-
It is narrated by Sa’at Ibn E Malik that:-
“I heard Prophet SAW Saying: Should I not inform you of Allah’s Greatest Name (Isme Azam) when dua is invoked with it, it is accepted and what is asked for thought it is given? This is the supplication through which Yunus AS called Allah from within three darkness. This is as under:La ilaha illa anta,Subhanaka,Inni kuntu minaz-zalimin (There is no god but You, You are far exalted and above all weaknesses, and I was indeed the wrongdoer). A man asked: O Rasulullah, Is this dua special for Yunus AS or for all the believers? Prophet SAW said: Have you not heard the words of Allah (in the Quran):”And We delivered Yunus(AS) of his distress, thus We grant deliverance to all believers[Quran]”.

At another place it is said by Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) that:-
“When any Muslim makes dua with these words during his illness 40 times and then, if he dies of that disease, he is granted the reward of a martyr and if he recovers from that disease, then all his sins are forgiven.”
It is narrated by Sa’d ibn E Waqas that:-
“The supplication made by the Companion of the Fish (Prophet Yunus (as)) in the belly of the fish was (the above). If any Muslim supplicates in these words, his supplication will be accepted/responded to.”
Benefits of reciting Ayat E Karima
• It fulfills the right desire of the person.
• It overcomes all the difficulties
• It solves the marriage issues.
• It Defeat and overpower enemies and tyrant leaders.
• It is a best treatment for incurable diseases.
• It is a cure of any type of magic.

So save yourselves from all the troubles by reciting this beautiful Ayat E Karima. May Allah help us in all the difficulties (Amen).

How To Pray Tasbeeh Namaz or Salatul Tasbih or Salat-Ul-Tasbih or Tasbih Prayer

Benefits of Salat-Ul-Tasbih

Our Beloved Prophet Mohammed (Sallallaho Alihiwassallam) said to his uncle (father’s brother) Sayyiduna Abbass (may Allah be pleased with him) Oh uncle shall I not give you Shall I not grant you Shall I not award you Shall I not do mercy on you When you do 10 things Allah will forgive your sins: of the future and of the past; new and old; those you have forgotten and those you did knowingly; big and small; hidden and revealed. Then he (Sallallaho Alihiwassallam) explained the taught the way to pray Salatul Tasbih and then said if you can pray this salah once a day, if you can not pray once a day then every Friday, and even if this is not possible then once a month and even if this is not possible then once a year and even if this is not possible then at least once in a lifetime (Abu’Dawood & Tirimzi)

Tasbih Prayer

Salatul Tasbih

How to perform Salatul Tasbih?
This salaat (namaz) is offered in four rakat at a time and can be read in any part of the day and night besides Zawal and Sunrise and Sunset makrooh times, keeping in mind the forbidden times for performing Salat (namaaz). But is is preferred before Zuhr (Fatawa Alamgeeri)

The Tasbih to be read in Salaat-Ul-Tasbeeh:
” Subhaan Allahi Wal Hamdulillahi Wa Laa ilaha illal Laahu Wallahu Akbar ”

Method:
Goal is to recite above Tasbih 300 times in Four Rakah with the following method.
In the first rakaat, after reading Sana “Subhaana Kallahumma…”, read the above tasbih 15 times.
Now recite Aaoz “Aoozubillah…”, Bismillah “Bismillah…”, Then read sura Fatiha and a Surah or minimum of three small Ayayhs then read the tasbih 10 times again.
Go to ruku saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar), after reciting “Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem” minimum of three times read the tasbih 10 times in Ruku.
Saying “Samee Allahu Liman Hamidah Rabbana Lakal Hamdh” get up from ruku to qiyam position.
Now read the tasbih 10 times.
Go to Sajdah saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar) and after reciting “Subhaana Rabbiyal A’la” minimum of three times read the tasbih 10 times in Sajdah.
Now go after first Sajdah go to Jalsa (sitting position) saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar). Sitting in Jalsa read tasbih 10 times.
Go to sajda again saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar) and after reciting “Subhaana Rabbiyal A’la” minimum of three times read the tasbih 10 times in Sajdah again.
Get up to begin 2nd rakat saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar).
Do rakah #2 in same fashion, but before reading Bismillah “Bismillah…”, and Surah Fatiha, read the tasbih 15 times. Follow the rest as you did in first Rakat.
After second Sajdah of Second Rakat sit in Qaidah Oola (first sitting) read Attahiyat, Durood and Dua then get up for 3rd rakaat without saying Salam.
Begin third Rakat, just like the first Rakat, with Sana “Subhaana Kallahumma…”, read the above tasbih 15 times. Follow the rest as you did in first Rakat untill you sit for Qaidah Akihra (last sitting) after second sajdah of fourth Rakah.
In Qaidah Akihra Attahiyat, Durood, Dua finish Salah with Salam.

Special notes for Salat-Ul-Tasbih:
1) Do not count loudly. It will break Salah
2) Do not count on fingers or by holding a Bead Tasbih in hand. It is Makruh.
3) You may count by pressing the fingers as a reminder. For example if you are in Ruku. You me press pinky of your right hand first for the first count, then the finger next to it for second count, then the middle finger for third count, following this method untill you reach the pinky of left hand will give you an exact count of ten. Use the same method in Qayam, Sajdah and Jalsa.
4) If missed a count then make it up in the next posture. For example if forgot to recite Tasbih after Surah in Qayam. Then you may recite Tasbish 20 times instead of 10 in Rukuh after “Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem”. Missed Tasbih cannot be recited in Qayam after ruku and Jalsa between Sajdah. If you missed the Tasbih in Ruku then recite 20 in the first Sajdah instead of the Qayam after rukuh. Similarly if missed the Tasbih in first Sajdah then do not make it up in Jalsa. Instead recite missed tasbih in the second Sajdah. If Tasbih has been missed in last sajdah of second or fourth Rakah then you can recite the missed ones before Attahiyat in Qaidah.
5) If you miss a wajib in Salah and have to do Sajdah Sahaw. You dont have to recite Tasbih in Sajdah sahoo, since the 300 count has been estalished. But if you had missed Tasbih in any of the postures and remeber it now. Then you may recite the missed Tasbih in Sajdah Sahaw now.
6) It is preferable to recite after Surah Fatiha Sura Takathuur in the first raka’, Surah Wal A’sr in the second raka’, Surah Kaferoon (qul ya aiyuhal Kafiroon) in the third and Surah Akhlas (Qul hu Allah-hu ahd) in the fourth raka’. If one does not remember these surah they can recite the ones they prefer.

Female Muslim scholars

List of female scholars of Islam considered by reliable sources to be leading authorities on the teachings and rulings of the Islam. They are the female equivalent of ulema and are referred to as “aalimah” or Shaykha.

7th century

8th century

9th century

10th century

12th century

13th century

17th century

18th century

19th century

20th century

21st century

 

The oldest library on Earth founded by a Muslim woman in Fez, Morocco – reopens

Founded by a Muslim woman, the University of Al Qarawiyyin in Fez, Morocco, opened its doors in 859. Its library has been restored during the last three years by another woman, Canadian-Moroccan architect Aziza Chaouni. A wing will be open to the general public later this year.

Library University of Al Qarawiyyin in Fez, Morocco

 

The library houses a collection of 4,000 rare books and ancient arabic manuscripts written by renowned scholars of the region. According to the AP, the manuscripts include a 9th century version of the Quran and a manuscript on Islamic jurisprudence written by philosopher Averroes.

Inside library University of Al Qarawiyyin in Fez, Morocco
 The University complex was founded as a mosque by Fatima Al-Fihri, who inherited her merchant father’s fortunes after the family moved from Al Qayrawan, or modern day Tunisia. In “The golden age of Islam,”(French, video) a documentary that aired on France 5 Channel, Al-Fihri was described as a young woman fascinated by knowledge and curious about the world. She oversaw the construction of the mosque, and until her later years, attended lectures by reputed scholars who travelled to teach at the mosque school.
  It is still considered a leading religious and education institution in the Muslim world. Today, the University of Al Qarawiyyin has moved away to another part of Fez, but the mosque and the library remain at the ancient complex.
Inside Library
Curator of the Qarawiyyin library, Abdelfattah Bougchouf, opens an original version of Ibn Khaldun’s most famous work, Muqadimmah, dating back to the 14th century at the Al-Qarawiyyin mosque (AP Photo/Samia Errazouki).

Chaouni, originally from Fez, says she had not heard of the library before she was enlisted by the Moroccan Culture Ministry in 2012 to take charge of its restoration, which suffered from the climate and humidity over the years. “Throughout the years, the library underwent many rehabilitations, but it still suffered from major structural problems, a lack of insulation, and infrastructural deficiencies like a blocked drainage system, broken tiles, cracked wood beams, exposed electric wires, and so on,” says Chaouni on TED.com.

  The restoration equipped the library with solar panels, a new gutter system, digital locks to the rare books room and air conditioning that will help control humidity and protect books in the library. The library was previously open only to scholars and researchers. It now will have a wing open to the general public, which includes an exhibition room and a small café.

 

Sumaya Abdel Qader – Milan, Italy’s first Muslim councilwoman

Milan, Italy - When she is told that she is Milan’s first “consigliere comunale” – female city councillor – to wear the hijab, she is quick to point out that hers is neither the first nor the only such case in Italy. But what Italian-born Sumaya Abdel Qader, a 38-year-old sociologist and women’s rights activist, has achieved is unique.

The Milanese municipal election, held on June 5, saw the second ballot victory of the centre-left coalition. Abdel Qader, a member of the centre-left Democratic Party, obtained more than a thousand votes, which has granted her a place in the new town hall.

Sumaya Abdel Qader is Milan's first female city councillor to wear the hijab [Photo courtesy of Germana Lavagna]

Sumaya Abdel Qader is Milan’s first female city councillor to wear the hijab [Photo courtesy of Germana Lavagna]

She may shrug away those who put a historical emphasis on her election, but she has made it to the top in a town which has long been the stronghold of the conservative Italian right. When outgoing mayor, Giuliano Pisapia, a leftist, suprisingly managed towin the municipal vote in 2011, Milan had been ruled by centre-right mayors since 1993.

Milan, is the capital of the northern Lombardy region, where just last year, legislators had attempted to implement “anti-mosque” laws. These regulations were struck downby Italy’s highest court, but anti-immigrant, and  anti-Islam politicians remain vocal.

During the election campaigns, candidate Stefano Parisi’s centre-right coalition targeted Abdel Qader directly. The 59-year-old business executive, Parisi made a statement that Abdel Qader’s ties with the Muslim Brotherhood could make her “a serious threat” to Milan.

Abdel Qader, who is of Jordanian-Palestinian origin, denied such ties and went on to run a successful campaign. She said she would be happy to shake hands with conservative politicians. “That, to me, is what democracy means.”

And, she has vocal supporters as well. Daniela Pistillo, who heads the Democratic Party’s Immigration Forum in Milan, told Al Jazeera that “Sumaya is an open and communicating person, a bridge-builder”.

Al Jazeera spoke with Abdel Qader about her personal journey in Italian politics, the challenges she has faced, and the rewards she has reaped.

Al Jazeera: Did you take offence at how some rivals depicted you during the election campaigns?

Sumaya Abdel Qader: I knew my candidacy would cause debate and that I would be an easy target for some and a tool to exploit for others. This kind of libellous propaganda has largely played on half truths, allusions and lies, ramping up the Islamophobic sentiment of certain circles to hit me and the centre-left coalition.

Al Jazeera: What was it like growing up as a Muslim child in central Italy?  

Abdel Qader: I was born in Perugia, to Jordanian and Palestinian parents. As a girl I suffered the absence of grandparents, in-laws and cousins near me. I used to go to my friends’ homes to stay with their grandparents and listen to their stories from a far past. I loved to hear them and make them part of my own story.

I remember my first day of high school. I had just begun to wear my hijab and I stepped into class with a lot of fear to be mocked for this reason. But instead, I found lifelong friendships.

Al Jazeera: The hijab can evoke debate over Islam and secularism in Italy. How do you perceive and reconcile this matter?

Abdel Qader: This is a very complicated topic. It is the most obvious “sign” of difference that brings about barriers, concerns, and mistrust. It often instigates the worst colonialist and racist attitudes towards Muslim women.

Some deem the hijab inconsistent with a secular state. [But] the hijab cannot be reduced to just a religious symbol. It is an act of faith, a free and personal act in a path followed by those who abide by the norms of the Quran. Fulfilling them or not should depend on a choice, freely made by the woman.

Al Jazeera: Why do you think so many people see the hijab as a threat?

Abdel Qader: Some reduce the hijab to a symbol because they connect it to improper meanings, such as the subjugation of women, their absence from the social sphere or the denial of their freedom. Moreover, sometimes it is seen as an invasion of Islam in the public space, which in turn, is seen as a threat because Islam is more and more associated with ISIL (the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group, also known as ISIS).

But it is wrong to compare a religion that has nothing to do with those criminals.

People want to exclude the veil from public spaces because they see secularism as the total absence of religion in that sphere, but what they don’t think of, for example, is the presence of crucifixes in the Italian courtrooms. This all just speaks to double standards.

Al Jazeera: Do you consider yourself a feminist?

Abdel Qader: Last March, I started Aisha, a project that aims to teach young Muslims about sexual education and the importance of women’s rights.

I do not consider myself a feminist, however, because labels are always reductive. I see myself more as a defender of civil rights and freedom.

Al Jazeera: What do you think of how the Palestinian issue is perceived on a political level, in Italy and elsewhere?

Abdel Qader: There is much misinformation and propaganda propagated, which damages the quest for peace in Israel and Palestine.

Al Jazeera: What are you going to do as a councillor in Milan? What are your goals?

Abdel Qader: I will stive to contribute to the improvement of the outskirts of the city and make them new hubs of a policentric Milan. I will apply myself to make Milan more appreciated by Milanese people and foreigners alike.

Source: Al Jazeera

Tucson, Arizona, USA to get new mosque on northwest side

The Muslim population is growing in southern Arizona, and soon, local leaders and their more than 10,000 members will have a new mosque to worship in.  

For years, the Islamic Center of Tucson, located near the University of Arizona, has been a target for trash.

Broken bottles have been repeatedly thrown into the parking lot from nearby balconies of student housing complexes.

Last year, some students were evicted for throwing garbage on the mosque

Tucson AZ Mosque

Tucson AZ, USA Mosque

Mosque leaders say the vandalism; however, is not the reason for the Muslim Community Center of Tucson on the Northwest side.

“That is not the reason why this location was established. It is purely our growth, the community growing, and the needs of the community growing,” said Maqsood Ahmad, a board member at the mosque.

Construction on the first phase started in 2014. It will be located at 5100 N. Kevy Place, which is just northwest of River Road and La Canada Drive.

The gym and community center portion has been completed and now that area is being used for hundreds to pray in daily.

“The Muslim community is [also] growing. We have a lot of new professionals doctors and engineers coming to Tucson to practice their faith. We need to provide more services and more locations,” Ahmad said.

Renderings have been submitted to Pima County for review of the new mosque.

Leaders expect the drawings to be approved some time this month.

Once the permits go through, crews will break ground on the mosque portion.

The Muslim Community Center of Tucson will be around 23,000 square feet when complete.

The Islamic Center of Tucson, near the UA, is approximately 9,000 square feet.

The northwest mosque will have significantly more parking and room for future growth.

It will also have few neighbors and no high-rise buildings near it. Leaders don’t expect any problems.

“That is an administrative issue that that needs to be dealt with. Throwing bottles or rocks at any place of worship should not be permissible and should not be allowed. I am very confident that the city of Tucson and the University of Arizona administration will take care of those issues; and they are taking care of those issues; however, that is not the reason why this location was established.”

Once completed, it will be one of the biggest in Arizona and one of only two in Pima County.

The project will be complete by June 2017.

Germany – Teachers Association in Bavaria Demands Islamic Studies

A teachers association in Bavaria has said it wants to see Islamic studies lessons being made mandatory in all schools in the region.

In 2009 the Ministry of Culture in Bavaria introduced a pilot program for the teaching of what they call “Islamic Instruction.” Initially the courses were offered at 260 schools in the southern region of Germany but n the coming year at least 400 schools will introduce Islamic religious courses for students reports Junge Freiheit.

The Bavarian teacher association (BLLV) wants to take the program even further. The BLLV wishes to make Islamic studies mandatory in all schools in Bavaria and has addressed their concerns in a petition to the Bavarian regional government. The petition stated the needs of Muslims to be able to receive a formal education that includes their religion and the requirement for Germans to help new migrants integrate better by understanding Islam.

Quran Reading

Quran Reading

“Less than 25,000 of the estimated 150,000 Muslim pupils receive religious lessons in school in Bavaria,” the teachers association said in a statement to the government. They said that now with the huge influx of Muslim migrants that the need was even greater. The BLLV said that many of the migrant newcomers have children and they should change the lesson plans of the schools to include them.

The BLLV is also concerned that they may be severely lacking in teachers who are properly qualified to teach Islamic studies. They complained that they were short staffed in qualified teachers because other regions in Germany had given candidates with Islamic qualifications better and more secure work. They said that as a result of this much of the potential to fully develop the subject among Bavarian children would be lost.

BLLV president Simone Fleischmann lamented the fact that training opportunities for Islamic teachers were missing in the state. She said there is currently no opportunity for candidates who show a proven theologian expertise in Islam.

The Islamic courses proposed would be based on the religious writings of Islam including the Quran and other books. The courses are intended to show an Islam that is reconcilable with German law and the Bavarian constitution. Advocates say it will assist in creating a space where Muslim children can form personalities in a socially inclusive environment.

The expansion of Islamic studies in Germany and Austria is seen as a way to include Muslim students in a system that is very foreign to them.

Dr Anne Aly becomes first female Muslim federal MP of Australia

THE election of Australia’s first female Muslim federal MP has come just in time to counter the anti-Islamic views and policies of Senator-elect Pauline Hanson, a Muslim community leader has said.

Anne Aly

Dr. Anne Aly

Deradicalisation expert turned Labor candidate Anne Aly yesterday claimed the WA seat of Cowan as the nailbiting count of the electorate’s votes went on.

Dr Aly’s Liberal opponent, Luke Simpkins, who has held the marginal seat since 2007, was thought to be ahead in the tight race until it was discovered 200 votes had been placed in the wrong pile. Correcting the error handed Dr Aly the lead with 787 more votes than the soon-to-be ousted MP.

Mr Simpkins is yet to concede as the count continues, but Dr Aly said it was time the people of Cowan had an answer.

“We do have a very strong lead now and it would take a lot to change that lead,” she said.

Muslim community leaders rushed to congratulate Dr Aly and commented on the significance of the win.